Alternatives to incarceration programs encompass a broad range of diversion options and sanctions for individuals with substance abuse and co-occurring disorders in lieu of jail and prison. These programs encourage offender accountability and, in the context of substance abuse disorders, address the underlying substance abuse and/or co-occurring mental disorders that result in criminal behavior, instead of relying on prosecution and incarceration. Alternatives to incarceration programs are typically operated by a pre-trial supervision agency, a probation agency, a prosecutor’s office, or a court.
COAP supports activities that:
COAP grantees employing the use of alternatives to incarceration programs for nonviolent drug offenders
The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians’ Integrated Opioid Abuse Program will develop a task force composed of tribal decision makers who will create policies and keep agencies accountable to indicators of success. A multidisciplinary team will provide direct services to high-frequency drug users and their families. These two teams will work together to develop a plan to create a secured mental health/opioid abuse treatment center and secure transportation for participants becoming certified peer recovery support specialists.
The Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency (PCCD) will fund projects for counties that work with the Technical Assistance Center at the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy’s Program Evaluation and Research Unit to implement evidence-based programs to reduce overdose deaths.
The Detroit Police Department’s Opioid Abuse Diversion Program will create and implement a law enforcement-led pre- and post-arrest diversion in Detroit using the Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) model. The School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. The applicant agreed to provide data through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).